FAQs about Forklifts, Safety Training and Cromer Material Handling
How long has Cromer Material Handling been in business?
Marshall Cromer started East Bay Clarklift, Inc. on October 17, 1989. We became more diverse in 1994 with the addition of the Daewoo/Doosan forklift line. In 1998, we became the Bay Area distributor for Caterpillar forklifts, and took on the Kalmar large forklift line. In 2010, we started to call ourselves "Cromer Material Handling" to give our customers a sense of the complete material handling resource we had become. In 2014 we celebrate our 25th year in business, with have a great staff to serve you.
Which lines are you an authorized distributor for?
We are the licensed distributor for Caterpillar, Jungheinrich, BYD, Doosan, Kalmar, Combilift and Donkey forklifts. In addition to this, we also stock many specialty products including a large range of Rack and Shelving. All the products we offer come from industry leaders that stand behind the great products they offer, and we take pride in passing that along to our customers. Our Parts and Service staff have been in the industry for many, many years, which also gives us a leg up when it comes to better serving our customers. Finally, we feature the most diverse Rental Fleets in Northern California -- offering forklifts up to 55,000lbs in capacity!
What cities do you service?
Cromer Material Handling's headquarters is located in Oakland, just off of the 880 freeway near the Oakland Coliseum. We also have facilities in Sacramento and Manteca. Plus satellite facilities in Santa Rosa and Chico. As a result, we provide new and used lift truck sales, service, parts and rentals all throughout Northern California.
What is the difference between a lift truck and a forklift?
There is no difference between a "lift truck" and a "forklift." Same thing. Lift trucks can go by several other names including a high/low, trailer loader, tow-motor, sideloader, or a fork hoist. They are all IC powered and electric industrial trucks that are designed to lift and transport materials. You can now get forklifts powered by 80-volt electricity. These new electric forklifts are environmentally friendly, quieter, and can be less expensive to operate.
Who is required to get forklift/lift truck safety training?
Employers are required by law to ensure that their industrial truck operators receive both hands-on and formal (classroom) training by a qualified instructor.
All operators of lift trucks must be trained in order to be compliant. Compliance with these regulations is the employer's responsibility. All forklift/lift truck operators must be re-trained EVERY 3 YEARS.
- Classroom training with specific requirements;
- Work site hazard training;
- Orientation to specific lift truck models being used;
- Skill assessment of individual operators
Once I am trained do I have to get retrained?
Yes, you must be retrained every 3 years.
In addition OSHA 29 CFR 1910.178 regulations for Forklift Operator Training includes a requirement for Refresher Training when:
Operators have been observed to operate in an unsafe manner.
- There has been an accident or a near miss.
- Operators are reassigned to a new type of truck of a different work environment.
Forklifts are an essential part of many industrial operations, but they are also involved in 10 percent of all serious industrial accidents every year.
Forklift-related accidents result in nearly 100 deaths and 20,000 serious injuries each year.
One percent of factory accidents involve forklift trucks, but the forklift accidents produce ten percent of the physical injuries.
What are the causes of forklift accidents?
26 percent of forklift accidents are caused by the forklift tipping over from overloading weight.
18 percent of forklift accidents involve employees or pedestrians being hit by forklifts.
14 percent of forklift accidents occur by the load falling off of the forklift.
14 percent of forklift accidents occur when forklifts are used to elevate people.
7 percent of forklift accidents occur due to forklifts accidentally being driven off loading docks.
7 percent of forklift accidents occur due of improper or no forklift maintenance such as malfunctioning of the brakes, steering, transmission, or hydraulic system. Missing or malfunctioning safety devices can contribute to a forklift accident. Forklifts should be equipped with a roll over protection system which will prevent the forklift operator from being thrown or crushed in the event the forklift tips over.
7 percent is caused by improper workplace design for forklift operation such as narrow or crowded aisles, a high level of foot traffic where the forklift is operated, vision obstructions, and other workplace conditions such as light and noise are all hazards that might contribute to a forklift accident.
3 percent of forklift accidents occur because of loss of forklift control by the operator.
3 percent of forklift accidents occur because of improper use of fork lift.
Under the new regulations, all industrial truck operators in all industries are included in OSHA Standard 29CFR1910.178. That includes but is not limited to Construction (1926), General Industry, Shipyards (1915), Marine Terminals (1917) and Longshoring operations (1918), with the exception of Agricultural Operations.
All industrial truck operators hired AFTER December 1, 1999, must receive the required training and written evaluation BEFORE they are allowed to operate the equipment, and the company must maintain an operator file with proof of adequate training.
Forklift trucks are so dangerous that the Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA) prohibits any workers under age 18 from operating forklifts or similar equipment in non-agricultural industries. And no one over 18 can operate them unless they have been properly trained and authorized.